Green Walls

Vertical Landscape Architects Inc. specializes in the planning, design, installation and maintenance of living walls and green facades. Our team has certified green wall training, experience, and industry support to provide exceptional value to your project. We currently offer the following services for living walls and green facades.

  • Planning & Design Consultation
  • Contract Drawings & Documents / Specifications
  • Cost Estimating
  • Project Management
  • Installation (Certified Installer of the following systems)
  • Maintenance & Maintenance Plans
  • Community Awareness / Public Speaking Engagements & Advocacy
  • Feasibility Studies


What is a Green Wall?

A green wall is sometimes referred to as a living wall, biowall, or vertical garden. The two main categories of green walls: Living Walls and Green Facades both allow for controlled vegetation growth and with careful plant selection will not damage surface materials unlike vines adhered directly to a wall.

Living Walls can be comprised of free standing or building mounted modular panels made of stainless steel, high-density plastic, or organic material such as mineral wool or felt. Suitable plant species contained in the living wall are sustained by irrigation systems and often require fertilization and regular maintenance. The primary advantage of a living wall is its ability to produce an instantaneous green effect either outside or inside, even at considerable heights.

Interior living walls contain tropical plants that produce valuable oxygen, remove carbon dioxide and other harmful toxins commonly found in buildings. Living walls add beauty to any built space (inside or outside) and have considerable health benefits. Research has shown that human beings have a biologically innate connection with nature. Human contact with nature has been found to enhance healing and recovery from illness and major surgical procedures, weather through direct contact with natural lighting or vegetation. When our exposure to nature is removed from our environment humans experience increased stress levels and suffer from heath problems such as depression, obesity, and attention deficit disorders. Living walls soften built forms and provide calming settings without taking up valuable floor space. Based on global urbanization trends, living walls and other forms of living architecture will play an extremely important health function as humans spend more time indoors. City planners and architects are adopting these principles as part of an emerging design practice that results in healthier and more productive buildings and communities. Having vegetation in and around the places where people work, study, live and play is a good investment!

Green Façades are made up of climbing plants either growing directly on a wall or a specially designed trellis structure mounted to the wall’s surface. Climbing vines rooted in soil at ground level or in specially insulated pots above ground are naturally included and trained to grow up the side of the building or trellis system.

Living Wall Applications

Indoor applications are widely used in residential, retail, and office buildings worldwide. Sizes of installations vary from small to large, depending on available interior space, desired effect, and budget. Below are some examples of indoor living walls ranging in size.

Interior Living Walls using GLTi systems (images courtesy of GLTi).

Interior Office/Institutional Living Walls with GLTi systems.

Interior Living Wall by GLTi

Interior Living Wall with new GLTi system.

Small Indoor Living Walls by GLTi

Small Indoor Living Walls with GLTi systems.

Outdoor Living Wall applications range in size depending on microclimate, desired effect, available space, and budget. Below are some examples of exterior living walls ranging in size from modest to large. Outdoor living walls can add life and softness to otherwise hard and lifeless urban areas, advertise corporate brands, or reduce energy costs when used to envelop most of a high rise building. Several examples of the exterior living walls shown below are located in climates with winter conditions similar to that of Toronto.

Outdoor Living Walls using the GLTi system (images courtesy of GLTi).

Outdoor Living Walls with GLTi systems.

Free Standing and A-Frame Units by GLTi (as shown below) are intended for both ornamental and agricultural applications. The standard size of the Free Standing unit is 6’h x 2’w. Standard sizes for A-Frame units are 3’w x 4’h (Small), and 4’w x 6’h (Large). To some extent both Free Standing and A-Frame Units are customizable. Whether used for recreational and commercial agricultural purposes these units can grow more food using less space. Contact us to learn more about the benefits of vertical farming!

Freestanding & A-Frame Units by GLTi.

Free Standing & Vertical Farming A-Frame Units by GLTi.

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